Nigerian Schools and University

Nigeria as an independent nation comprises of different sectors of the economy, one of which is education, gaining a great amount of relevance in the society. With informal education gradually fading away in Nigeria, Nigerian schools and University remain the only traditional system of education in the nation.


With a population of 201 million citizens and an estimated population of 2026 individuals in 2020, the system of education in Nigeria is in a pitiable state as over 10.5 million children in Nigeria are reported to lack access to proper education.


Irrespective of the fact that Nigeria was scored a gross percentage of 72.8% youth literacy and 59.6% adult literacy in 2015, its absence in the top 10 best educational systems in Africa 2020, constant strike actions and poor educational facilities and infrastructure keeps the educational sector in the country in a dying state.


As of 2020, Nigeria recorded a total of 79 private universities, 43 federal universities, and 48 state universities making it a total of 170 universities across the federation. As of 2017, Nigeria accounted for a total of 9,015 mixed public schools, and 13,423 private secondary schools.


However, the education system is divided into three phases; Primary schools, Secondary schools, and Tertiary Education.


How is the education system in Nigeria?

Nigeria originally used the 6-3-3-4 educational system before the transition to the 9-3-4 system. The 6-3-3-4 system of Education came into place in 1983 to reach the educational needs of the citizens of Nigeria, cutting through different age groups.


In 2008, following the need to achieve the Millenium development goals (MDGs), Nigeria introduced a new system of education 9-3-4 to tackle specific challenges that the 9-3-4 educational system couldn’t address.


The new system of education which is known as the Universal Basic Education enforces that every Nigerian child must spend a total of nine years studying through junior secondary school (JSS3), three years of academic study to complete his senior education (SS3), and a four-year educational term in tertiary institutions.


This system of education is split into mini-groups of study-Creche/Kindergarten, Primary School, secondary school, and Tertiary institutions which include universities, polytechnics, colleges of education, and institutes.


These education bodies are governed by a set of laws known as educational policies and an enforced law to stick to a curriculum of study to achieve a unified quality of education across the country.


The Nigerian government always takes care of the educational needs of the country by providing an annual financial bill to meet the needs of the sector.

With projections to 2021, the federal government of Nigeria has proposed allocating 6.3% of the national bill to the educational sector, with a budget of 1.13 trillion naira allocated to the educational sector.

This budget covers both recurrent and current expenditure of the Federal Ministry of Education, bills for the Universal Basic Education, and infrastructural needs of Tertiary institutions.


Is school free in Nigeria?

According to Unicef, primary education should be free as a fundamental need of every kid. Unfortunately, school is not free in Nigeria as most public schools task students to pay certain fees to study.


The absence of free education in most Nigerian states keeps Nigerian kids among the world’s recognized class that are out of school. An average of ten million children in Nigeria around the age of five to fourteen is not in school.


Contributing factors to the depilating state of education in Nigeria can be attributed to geographical differences, gender bias, and poverty scale.


This notable drop in educational standards is high in the north as a result of economic barriers, beliefs, and cases of insurgency and civil unrest in the north.


Which University is the best in Nigeria 2021?


Universities in Nigeria are usually ranked according to their standard of education delivery, accredited courses, and ability to offer undergraduate and postgraduate degrees.


Currently, the best University in Nigeria 2021 is the University of Benin.


Top 10 Universities in Nigeria


  • University of Benin (Uniben)


  • University of Lagos (Unilag)


  • Covenant University


  • University of Ibadan (UI)


  • University of Nigeria (UNN)


  • Rivers State University (RSU)


  • Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU)


  • Ahmadu Bello University (ABU)


  • University of Ilorin (Uni-Ilorin)


  • University of Port Harcourt (Uniport)


Education in Nigeria

Currently, education in Nigeria is in a deplorable state, ranking as one of the top countries with out of school/illiterate citizens through different age groups ranging from youth age to childhood.

Although the introduction of the Unified system of education raised the hope of Nigerians as changes were expected in the system but with long lists of unimplemented laws and policies in the educational sector, little progress has been achieved in this lane.

Education in Nigeria is governed by the ministry of education under the control of the minister of education, Adamu Adamu. The primary and official language of education in Nigeria is the English language but other indigenous languages like; Igbo, Hausa-Fulani, and Yoruba are taught in schools.

The responsibilities of education in Nigeria are split between the state and the federal government. Federal schools are funded by the federal government while state schools are funded by the state government.

Citizens and private enterprises are free to own and run a school as long as they can meet legal regulations and requirements set by the government.

Nigeria also runs an international educational system as there are reportedly 129 international schools as of 2015.

Informal education still strives silently in Nigeria as there are numerous vocational skills in the country where people are taught basic skills.

The role of vocational education is to help curb the rate of unemployment as individuals upon graduation can become self-employed.

Although education in Nigerian schools and universities is currently facing a lot of challenges, ranging from teen pregnancy, poverty, religious beliefs, and insurgency, there are hopes that the educational standard in the country will rise to compete with other African countries and global states.

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